All animal operations in Pennsylvania that generate or land apply manure, regardless of scale, are required to have a one of two types of plans: either a Chapter 91 Manure Management Plan or Act 38 Nutrient Management Plan. These plans document nutrient sources, whether through generation, storage, treatment, transfer, or land application, and aim to keep them separate from clean water resources to protect local and regional water quality. The type of plan needed is dependent upon the animal numbers or density of animals on the operation. The following resources can help you determine what type and level of planning is required:
Act 38 Nutrient Management – An Act 38 Nutrient Management Plan is a plan required for operations that are considered to be a CAO (Concentrated Animal Operation) or a CAFO (Concentrated Animal Feeding Operation). This type of plan needs to be written by a certified planner and submitted to the Conservation District for review.
Chapter 91 Manure Management – A Manure Management Plan is a plan you can write yourself and does not need to be submitted but it needs to be kept on site and readily available. The conservation district is available to assist you with these plans if needed.